Risk Factors for hepatitis A disease
- work or live in a rural or remote Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander community
- chronic hepatitis B and/or C
- transplant recipient
- child care worker
- I am, or care for, a person with a developmental disability
- men who has sex with men
- sex industry worker
Risk factors for hepatitis B disease
- I identify as an Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
- Employment where I am exposed to human blood or other human body fluids including: sex workers, tattooist, funeral worker, police, staff involved in residential and non-residential care of people with developmental disabilities, child care worker, health care worker
- from a country with high rates of hepatitis B
- chronic liver disease
- severe renal impairment or require dialysis
- transplant recipient
- developmental disabilities
- live with a person with hepatitis B
- a sexual contact of a person with hepatitis B
- plumber or sewerage worker
- have a bleeding disorder
- care for an intellectually disabled person
- have or plan to have a tattoo or body piercing
- have adopted a child from overseas
- play contact sport
- have HIV or hepatitis C
- have reduced immunity
- have received blood products
- inject street drugs
- men who has sex with men
Risk factors for pneumococcal disease
- chronic medical condition which requires frequent visits to the doctor or hospital including:
- Cardiac, respiratory (including severe asthma), renal, liver, neuromuscular and metabolic disease, organ transplant recipient, diabetes, cancer, impaired immunity (including HIV), down syndrome or alcoholism.
- I identify as an Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander and have never had a pneumococcal vaccine or only had one pneumococcal vaccine more than five years ago
- I have a cochlear implant
- I am a tobacco smoker (cigarettes)
- I have no spleen or a problem with my spleen
Risk factors for meningococcal disease
- defects in or deficiency of complement components, including factor H, factor D or properdin deficiency
- current or future treatment with eculizumab (a monoclonal antibody directed against complement component C5)
- functional or anatomical asplenia
- HIV infection, regardless of stage of disease or CD4+ count
- haematopoietic stem cell transplant
Expansion of National Cancer Screening Programmes
Cancer screening saves lives.
The Australian Government has three cancer screening programmes under way - for bowel, breast and cervical cancers.
As part of an increased commitment to cancer screening the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program (NBCSP) and BreastScreen Australia are being expanded.
The NBCSP is expanding and two-yearly screening for all Australians aged 50-74 will be phased in over the next five years. In 2015 we commenced invitations to 70 and 74 year olds to screen for bowel cancer using a faecal occult blood test in the privacy of their own home. The remaining age groups will be included from 2016 to 2020.
BreastScreen Australia has also expanded its target age range and now Australian women aged 50 to 74 are invited to undertake breast screening every two years.
These changes mean that more people will be screened and more lives will be saved.
In addition, changes to the National Cervical Screening Program were recommened by the Medical Services Advisory Committee in April 2014. These recommendations are currently being considered by Australian governments and progress updates will be available on Cancer Screening. Inportantly, women should continue to be offered two-yearly Pap smears until the Renewal Program is implemented.
Healthy Recipes from
Speedy Chicken Risotto
cooking oil spray
100g chicken tenderloins
1 small onion, finely chopped
1 1/4 cups arborio rice1 1/4 cup reduced-salt chicken stock
1/2 cup frozen peas
2 tablespoons grated parmesan
ground black pepper, to taste
Step 1 Spray a frying pan with oil. Cook chicken over medium heat for 3–4 minutes each side, or until cooked through. Transfer to a plate.
Step 2 Add onion to pan and cook until soft. Add stock and rice to pan. Simmer for 10 minutes, stirring, until rice is tender and liquid has evaporated. Stir through peas and parmesan and cook for 1 minute.
Step 3 Spoon a third the risotto onto a serving plate. Top with chicken, season with pepper and serve with a large green salad.
Cheesy ham and corn mini muffins
cooking oil spray
2 cups self-raising flour
1 pinch of salt
1 cup grated zucchini (1 large)
1 cup (220g) fresh, frozen or canned corn kernels
75g ham, diced
1/2 cup grated reduced-fat cheddar cheese
200ml low-fat milk
80ml (1/3 cup) sunflower oil
Step 1 Preheat oven to 180°C. Spray a 24-hole mini muffin tin with oil.
Step 2 Sift flour and salt into a large bowl. Add zucchini, corn, ham and cheese and stir to combine. Set aside.
Step 3 In a separate bowl, whisk together milk, egg and sunflower oil. Stir wet ingredients into dry ingredients, until just combined.
Step 4 Divide mixture between muffin holes. Cook in preheated oven for 12 minutes or until golden and cooked through.
Vegetable minestrone soup
A yummy and healthier option for this favourite soup.
Preparation time: 15 minutes
Cooking time: 30 minutes
2 tsp olive oil*
1 onion, chopped
1 clove garlic, crushed
2 carrots, chopped
2 tsp reduced salt vegetable stock powder*
400g can no added salt chopped tomatoes*
2 tbs no added salt tomato paste
2/3 cup dried pasta shapes, of choice
400g can cannellini beans, rinsed and drained*
100g green beans, chopped
2 zucchini, chopped
2 tbs shredded fresh basil
Crusty wholegrain bread, to serve
1. Heat olive oil in a large deep pan, add onion and garlic and sauté until light golden.
2. Add carrots, water, stock powder, tomatoes and tomato paste and bring to the boil. Reduce heat, cover and simmer for 15 minutes.
3. Stir in pasta, cannellini beans, green beans and zucchini and bring to the boil. Simmer covered a further 10-15 minutes or until pasta and vegetables are tender.
4. Remove from heat, stir in basil. Serve with crusty bread.
- Better manage your diabetes
- Eat well
- Cook simple nutritious food (and taste the food too)
- Read food labels
- Plus much much more
A HEALTHY LIFESTYLE FOR A HEALTHY WEIGHT
Changing your lifestyle to achieve a healthy weight isn’t as hard as it may sound. Changing a few unhealthy habits and sticking to these changes may be enough to meet the goals for the family. Goals should be small and realistic for long term benefit and involve the whole family. Parents and carers are encouraged to be positive role models for healthy food and exercise habits.
Younger children, unless very overweight, should not actually lose weight, but grow into their weight. Deliberate weight loss in children can affect growth and development. The aim at this young age is weight maintenance.
THE 5 KEY MESSAGES
· Limit screen time to less than 2 hours per day (TV, computer, video games, i-pads or tablets, smart phones etc)
· Eat together once a day as a family without the TV being on
· Spend at least 60 minutes outside every day (playing or being physically active)
· Choose water as your main drink
· Eat breakfast each day
KEY DIETARY MESSAGES
Good breakfast choices include wholegrain, high fibre cereals such as weetbix or Special k or multi grain bread for energy and lean protein for fullness.
Choose water as the main drink
Soft drinks, cordials and fruit juices contain a significant number of kilojoules and are high in sugar, without many other nutrients. For this reason water should be the main drink of choice for children.
Watch the snacks
Limit high energy snacks and choose only one small packaged snack food for the school lunchboxes each day and a calcium rich dairy choice (e.g. low fat yoghurt or custard).
Choose low GI carbohydrates
Choose breads, cereals, rice and pastas which are low GI carbohydrate rich foods. Some products have the GI of the food on their labels (the lower the number, the lower the GI of the food).
Have set meals and mid meals
Meals need to be consumed away from distraction such as television and ideally consumed with the family at the table. Having set meals can help avoid consistent grazing. This grazing often leads to excess calorie intake, with people eating more then they think!
Both food and eating for children needs to be enjoyable and fun. It is important to include regular, portion controlled treats once or twice per week as this achieves a balance between good nutrition and overeating when these foods are excessively available. School canteen or takeaway meals once each week, are two examples of treats that can be included on a weight control plan for children and adolescents.
Eat plenty of vegetables and salad
Encourage your children to eat salad and vegetables for lunch and dinner. This will give a range of nutrients needed for good health and help them meet their recommended daily serves.
With Spring approaching, now is the time to be aware of bites and stings
First aid for bites and stings from land creatures
The first aid for bites and stings from land creatures can depend on what type of creature it is.
Remove the sting by sliding or scraping your fingernail across it, rather than pulling at it. Wash the area and apply ice to reduce the swelling. If the person has an allergy to bee stings, they can fall into a life-threatening state of anaphylactic shock. The only treatment is an injection of adrenaline. Immobilise the person, apply pressure to the bite and seek immediate medical help.
Funnel web spider bite
Seek immediate medical help. Bandage the wound firmly with a pressure immobilisation bandage. Use a second bandage to wrap the arm or leg and splint the affected limb. Antivenom is required.
Red-back spider bite
Wash the affected area well and soothe the pain with icepacks or iced water. Do not bandage the area.
Seek immediate medical help. Not all Australian snakes are venomous but you should follow the basic first aid techniques, just in case. Don’t wash the skin, as traces of venom left behind might be needed by medical personnel to identify the snake. Use a pressure immobilisation bandage and splint the limb. If the person was bitten on the torso, make sure your bandaging doesn’t restrict their breathing.
If a tick has burrowed into the skin, grasp it behind the head with fine tweezers, as close to the skin as possible. Gently pull it straight out with steady pressure, making sure you remove the entire body. After removal of the tick, wash the site with warm soapy water and then a mild antiseptic. Cover the site with a ‘bandaid’ type dressing for 24 hours. Keep the removed tick for identification purposes in case the person’s condition gets worse. Do not use methylated spirits, alcohol or anything else to kill the tick before removing, as this may cause the tick to inject more poison. In the case of the Australian paralysis tick, antivenom is available. A tetanus injection might also be needed.
European wasp sting
Clean the affected area with soap and warm water. Use an icepack to reduce swelling and pain. Use pain-relieving medication and creams. Be alert for signs of anaphylaxis, which is a severe and life-threatening type of allergic reaction. Prolonged swelling at the site of the sting may respond to antihistamines – see your pharmacist for further advice.
First aid for bites and stings from sea creatures
The first aid for bites and stings from sea creatures can depend on what type of creature it is.
Blue-ringed octopus sting
A bite can cause paralysis. Seek immediate medical help. You may need to commence CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation). Even if your efforts seem futile, continue CPR until medical help arrives. The pressure immobilisation bandage method is suitable for blue ring octopus stings.
Box jellyfish sting
Seek immediate medical help. Stop the tentacles from stinging by pouring vinegar over them. Immobilise the limb and bandage firmly. You may need to commence CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation). Antivenom is available.
Wash the tentacles off with water. Use icepacks or anaesthetic cream to reduce the pain.
Seek immediate medical help. Bathe the area in warm water. Antivenom is available. A tetanus injection might be needed.